The activation effects of fucoidan from sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus on RAW264.7 cells via TLR2/4-NF-κB pathway and its structure-activity relationship

  • 作者:Jiang S, Yin H, Li R, Shi W, Mou J, Yang J.
  • 期刊:Carbohydr Polym. 2021 Oct 15;270:118353.
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Sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus is a traditional tonic food with high nutritive value in Southern China. Fucoidan from sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus (Fuc-Sc) is its main bio-active polysaccharide, the immune-activation effects of which have been fully investigated on RAW264.7 cells in the present study. The results indicated that Fuc-Sc could stimulate the RAW264.7 cells by promoting the production of NO, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10. Western blot and RT-PCR analysis revealed that TLR4 and TLR2 were involved in the recognition of Fuc-Sc and activation of downstream NF-κB signal pathway. Moreover, the chemical structure parameter molecular weight showed obvious impact on the stimulation effects of Fuc-Sc on NO production. Degraded product of Fuc-Sc with weight average molecular weight of 113.1 × 104 Da exhibited higher activities than that of intact Fuc-Sc, suggesting the existent of optimum chain length to exert its highest activities. Taken together, Fuc-Sc exerted its immunostimulating activity via TLR2/4 activation of NF-κB pathway and showed potentials to be a good immunoadjuvant.