Il (Interleukin)-6 Contributes to Deep Vein Thrombosis and Is Negatively Regulated by Mir-338-5p

  • 作者:Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Wei, R., Miao, X., Sun, S., Liang, G., Chu, C., Zhao, L., Zhu, X., Guo, Q., Wang, B. & Li, X.
  • 期刊:Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 40, 323-334 (2020)
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OBJECTIVE: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT), one of the most common venous thromboembolic disorders, is closely linked with pulmonary embolism and post-thrombotic syndrome, both of which have a high mortality. However, the factors that trigger DVT formation are still largely unknown. Elevated expression of IL (interleukin)-6-an important inflammatory cytokine-has been linked with DVT formation. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to the elevated IL-6 in DVT remain unclear. Here, we proposed that epigenetic modification of IL-6 at the post-transcriptional level may be a crucial trigger for IL-6 upregulation in DVT. Approach and Results: To explore the association between microRNAs and IL-6 in DVT, we performed microRNA microarray analysis and experiments both in vitro and in vivo. Microarray and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results showed that IL-6 expression was increased while miR-338-5p level was decreased substantially in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with DVT, and there was significant negative correlation between miR-338-5p and IL-6. Experiments in vitro showed that overexpressed miR-338-5p reduced IL-6 expression, while miR-338-5p knockdown increased IL-6 expression. Moreover, our in vivo study found that mice with anti-IL-6 antibody or agomiR-338-5p delivery resulted in decreased IL-6 expression and alleviated DVT formation, whereas antagomiR-338-5p acted inversely. Most of miR-338-5p was found located in cytoplasm by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Dual-luciferase reporter assay identified direct binding between miR-338-5p and IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that decreased miR-338-5p promotes DVT formation by increasing IL-6 expression.